Extruding!! (by hand, but.. EXTRUDING!!!)

SO much progress since the last time I’ve written about it.

..and I’m actually at the cusp of printing.. So close I can literally smell it.. but I’m in a whole different category of problems now – problems getting things to print, not problems building the machine! So that’s actually one reason I want to post now – to cover all of the progress up to now so I don’t have to do it later. And there’s a lot to cover.. Huge media bonanza in this post – enjoy.

Ok, where to start.. Well, in my last real post I gave a quick preview of two youtube videos, so I’ll include them here. The first one shows a strange (new, replacement) problem I was having with the leadscrews:

Here’s a video from a month ago talking about the wiring that I’d started. Wow that seems so long ago:

Here are some pictures I took while wiring back then:

Then I had weeks worth of round-the-clock work on work stuff, so I couldn’t touch my RepRap for just about a month. But then this week I was on vacation with my family, and snuck in some nights and a few daytime hours of RepRap work. In a previous post nuttzy had suggested that I bring the RepRap out into the pool with me – I did almost that, by bringing it upstairs to work on.

More pictures..

One of the apps I have on my iPhone is a small app that makes it easy to take 3D pictures – you take a left and a right shot, line them up, and it’ll make either a parallel or crosseyed version for you (although sometimes it seems like it’s mixing those up, so I go with whatever works best). Here were two of those that I couldn’t resist taking.. It works great on an iPhone, not so good on a big screen TV. You want it to be small enough that you can cross your eyes and make the two images overlap then click, then the 3D effect takes place and you can easily make out depth. The downside to the first one is the fact that the front-most part is out of focus, which kills the whole 3D effect if you try to focus on it (which is a downside in any 3D pictures/movies).

I can’t get WordPress to not scale these images to be bigger, and scaling ruins the effect, so I’ll provide links to them.



The next thing I did was scratch an itch that had been driving me crazy ever since I got the Z-axis installed – I made feet for my Mendel. I also cut out the removable top MDF sheet to place on top of the bed, so that after a print I can just remove that and take the pieces off without reaching around inside the Mendel.

Another thing that had been bothering me was my power connection. Ultimately I’ll get around to obtaining a 12V power brick and connect that to an XLR connector for power, but I’ve been busy for the past month or so, so for now I have an ATX power supply. I’d been connecting two wires from the ATX power supply into the chocolate block on the bottom, but got sick of that, and figured what the hell – I’ll buy a 2nd XLR connector for when I eventually get an old laptop 12V brick, and free the current one up for me to wire it for use with the ATX power supply. However I didn’t want to wed myself to any particular power supply, since they often die, so I needed a molex connector.

I couldn’t bear to cut one off of any of the countless computers/accessories in my house, and I actually started looking at mouser.com for raw parts. Crazy. Instead, Y-adapters for 4-pin molex power connectors are like a buck. I had one in the other room, but again thought of the many times I use it. I went online, bought 3 more at around a buck a piece (they’ll arrive later in the week), and that freed me up to butcher that cable. Here’s the very nice result.

By the way, I LOVE the feel of an XLR connector – the locking feature is nice, and it’s just a very satisfying click. They’re more prevalent in Europe, from what I hear (at least for power) – I’ve never seen one used for power here in the US.

Next, I had the X-axis built up again to the point where it was moving (after having mostly fixed my Z-axis problems, and temporarily disabling my X-axis in the process). As for the details on this next video, I don’t think I was actually using the home feature at this point. I probably moved X, Y, and Z to some non-zero coordinate, then told them all to go to 0. I don’t think that at that point my Y opto flag was working, and Z didn’t even finish during the video, but I was still happy about it:

Next, on to the extruder. I decided to use a purchased 5mm nozzle, but make my own Mendel-sized barrel. In fact, I made it 4mm shorter so that the total length of the barrel and nozzle combined would be the same as the standard Mendel barrel. There was less space for the nichrome heater, but that’s good – I want to keep that heating zone short anyway.

Here I show why I’m building an entirely new heater barrel even though it was one of the first things I’d completed, and showing the old and new one side by side:

So I used that new barrel, purchased nozzle, and purchased PTFE insulator to build the heater assembly. I wrapped nichrome wire around it, wrapped that in Kapton tape, attached my thermistor, wrapped that in Kapton tape, and taped up the wires. Then I took it upstairs to test the thermistor:

I’ve noticed that since I’m so close to being done, the idea of printing SOON has raised the stakes of everything I do. So quite often I’m filming video before doing something, realizing that that might be the video filmed before a moment of tragedy or triumph. Here was one such pre-event video, about the simple task of cutting notches in my purchased PTFE insulator (I’ve made at least 9 on my own, but during my last makerbot.com purchase I threw in one so I’d have a perfectly centered, professionally machined one in a pinch).

And the follow-up result video:

(No, I still don’t have a lathe).

So now I was all ready for another task I’ve been dreading – gluing my PTFE insulator into my Mendel extruder piece. I’ve been dreading that because with the Makerbot I went through at least 5 or 6 PTFE insulators, and this one will be permanently welded to my pristine Mendel extruder piece (which I can’t print any more of, not having a working printer).

As with many of these worry-about-it tasks, there wasn’t much to worry about (at least until the PTFE insulator dies someday, but hopefully that will be after I print out a better extruder piece).

My JB-Weld experience:

JB Weld works by mixing two agents. The first is this black goop:

then you mix it with this (which I put right on top of it in this pic):

Here’s what it’s like when you mix it:

Here was the result before drying:

The next day:

So then, getting really close, I hit a huge roadblock. While others get to use new cool geared extruders like Wade’s Geared Nema17 Extruder or Adrian’s, I’m stuck with the RP parts I have, and that means I’m using the standard Mendel Extruder piece for now (at least until I can print a new one). That means the extruder shaft needs to directly push the plastic against a bearing, and a bare smooth extruder shaft won’t do anything but slip. I’d previously purchased this S10T08M012A0505 small gear wheel to put on the shaft, as suggested under “Adding a small gear wheel” here.

As soon as I went to put it on, though, I realized it wouldn’t fit inside the Mendel Extruder part:

Ignoring that problem for a while, I continued on with tasks I still had to tackle. I built a small stripboard with two 4-way connectors, as was suggested in the RepRap Wiring video – one set of four is for the extruder stepper motor, and the other is for the heater and thermistor connections. I built an 8-way ribbon cable with two 4-way connectors to mate with that. Here’s it all put together:

Then I got the final Z opto flag remade in tin and working great (somewhere before this I’d remade the X and Y opto flags in tin as well). The original Coke-can ones I’d made were just too flimsy – a slight breeze would knock them out of alignment. These new ones were made from a tin can of mandarin oranges (thanks Emily!). I also had to replace the X opto endstop board with a spare I’d made, because it stopped working for some reason (I’m using polarized connectors, so it wasn’t the polarity).

Finally I wanted to see my extruder actually extrude (which I originally envisioned I’d do waaaaay before assembling any of the Mendel itself!). I rested the extruder on the top of the frame, hooked it up, and did the test (pushing plastic in by hand). Despite what the first video says, I went with 170 degrees C (who knows what temperature it really was – I haven’t done any thermistor calibration or anything). I was using UltiMachine 4042D PLA.
Two part video:

Ok, so that left one remaining problem.. Getting the extruder motor to be able to grip the plastic to push it in by itself. Not being able to use the gear wheel, I decided I’d try cutting splines in the shaft, as described under the “Getting your stepper to put splines on its own shaft” section of the Pinch Wheel Variations page.

I built this rig to do the trick (from the above instructions):

Then here I describe and use the rig:

Did I mention I was close? 🙂

Laurie and I were up pretty late, as I told her I was so close that I needed help bringing stuff upstairs.. I brought the RepRap, and she brought the lazy susan with PLA on it. 🙂 As I untied the twist ties around the PLA, I remembered when I’d tied the PLA up previously – it was when I had to return the Makerbot; that was a sad moment, this was happy. We set our expectations low (rightly so), hoping just to have it extrude. We then had the X-axis start to fail (aaaggghh!!!), but Laurie figured it out (she’s a genius!). 🙂

And there ya go.. That’s all I have. I started typing this up Saturday night, ended up typing it through Sunday night. Actual prints probably not coming until next weekend sometime.

(and congratulations to anyone reading this far.. Did you actually watch all of those videos?)

Thanks go to Tom Royer for the continued use of his corded Dremel (vs my cordless one), and to Reed P. for his Dremel extension (which I’m returning tomorrow as I now have my own). While I’m at it, thanks to P. Newman at work for helping me with various mechanical issues that I couldn’t figure out (like how to remove a stubborn set screw which was driving me crazy, among other things). Thanks to Chris for giving me someone to talk to in person that’s reading as many of the online reprap blogs as me (your parts are coming soon I hope!). Thanks to Laurie, Emily, Alicia, Cara, and David for giving me a day or two of our vacation to do this latest push, and for being the best support in the world.

Oh, and again, thanks to you for reading this far. Seriously, who made it this far? 🙂

6 Responses to “Extruding!! (by hand, but.. EXTRUDING!!!)”

  1. Renoir says:

    Yep, A long post 🙂

    Great work! now you’re approaching the beginning of the printing problems


  2. Mike says:

    If you like the feel of XLR connectors try some speakon connectors http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speakon_connector i bit more expensive but safe for high power and a solid connection second only to mililary connectors.

    Quite a massive post I must say

  3. nuttzy says:

    I watched most of the movies 😉 I believe my suggestion to setup near the pool qualifies me as “hero” 😉

  4. casainho says:

    ok, you are stuck with RepRaped parts you have, but soon as possible, print and build the Wader extruder! it’s powerful and DIY!

  5. Hussein says:

    Nice post, and tkhnas for the flowers.I followed the link to Eberhard Rensch’s site and saw a post there about a Repman heated stage, so maybe the smart stage is a good idea for that platform (also for the Mendel, maybe). Putting the control logic for the heater in the firmware is clean in its way, but also limiting.At any rate, it was fun — tkhnas for the opportunity.

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